interviews on bioinformatics :: phd student (2)

What is bioinformatics?
Christoph Wolf, Daniel Erkan, Arash Nasir Tafreshi, Werner Baumgartner (Department for Cellular Neurobionics, Institute for Biology 2, RWTH-Aachen University, Aachen, Germany) - http://www.znb.rwth-aachen.de/index.php/en/

Christoph Wolf, Daniel Erkan, Arash Nasir Tafreshi, Werner Baumgartner (Department for Cellular Neurobionics, Institute for Biology 2, RWTH-Aachen University, Aachen, Germany) – http://www.znb.rwth-aachen.de/index.php/en/

It was in 1982 when the first European Molecular Biology Laboratory sequence tape was delivered. At this time they were using punch cards so working with the data could become cumbersome, but many aligned sequences were provided. Propelled by the exponential increase of sequence data, the term bioinformatics became mainstream in the late 1980s, coming to mean the development and use of computational methods for data management and data analysis of sequence data, protein structure determination, homology-based function prediction, and phylogeny.

And in 2002, Hogeweg received an e-mail from Oxford University Press, explaining that they were preparing an entry for the word bioinformatics in the Oxford English Dictionary. This led to their papers on chaotic dynamics in ecological models and genotype phenotype mapping in growth models being credited as the source of the term. But their original definition of bioinformatics as the study of informatic processes in biotic systems at multiple levels was superseded by the common meaning of the term as denoting the development and use of computational methods for comparative analysis of genome data.

But nowadays the definition of bioinformatics had evolved to the interdisciplinary science where computer science meets with biological sciences with the aim to develops methods and software tools for storing, managing and understanding biological data.

Sources:

  • Wikipedia :: Bioinformatics – link
  • PLOS Comp. Biol. :: The Roots of Bioinformatics in Theoretical Biology – link
interviews on bioinformatics :: phd student (1)

What is biomedicine?
U.S. Public Health and Marine Service Hospital exhibits at the Jamestown Tercentennial Exposition, Sewells Point, Hampton Roads, Va. 1907 - Images from the History of Medicine (NLM)

U.S. Public Health and Marine Service Hospital exhibits at the Jamestown Tercentennial Exposition, Sewells Point, Hampton Roads, Va. 1907 – Images from the History of Medicine (NLM)

The relationship between medicine and the study of life is as old as medicine itself. But in nineteenth century, this discipline and the related fields, suffered a great transformation when first physiology and then bacteriology became important resources for the classification, diagnosis, and treatment of human diseases.

Only after the battlefield of tuberculosis during the 19th century decisive improvements in the control of plague could be attributed to the conjunction of chemistry and bacteriology. Is at that point of the history when it can be said that biomedicine was invented (after the Second World War).

The transformation of biology and medicine, and their convergence after 1945, increases the level of investigation in biology and medicine that ends in a closer relationship between the laboratory and the clinic. In fact, this changes, can be described as one of a new system of relations between science, technology and medicine, or as a new way of knowing.

Although biomedicine has, above all, been dominated by experimental medicine, other sets of practices have persisted alongside those employed by the experimenter, including molecular modelling and analysis, and biomedical scientists have developed complex relationships with hospital clinicians and public health officials.

The word biomedicine, its emergence and subsequent uses, was acquired between 1945 and 1975 coincided with the appearance of a new system of medical innovation in relation to biology and health policy. However, the meaning of biomedicine has been deeply influenced by the different scientific and national cultures that have shaped western medicine since the late 19th century.

Recently, late 20th century, the class separation between science has become obsolete and thus have emerged a new set of disciplines. That have caused biomedicine to suffer new transformation. Nowadays scientist of different areas work together to improve methodologies, make better approaches of old and actual models and push science over the actual knowledge limits. So biomedicine can be defined, now, as a discipline (or science) that uses biology and chemistry to improve and extend the knowledge of human body and to develop new methodology in terms of public health and from the side of medicine.

Sources:

  • Wikipedia :: Biomedicine – link
  • En clave biomédica :: ¿Qué es (en realidad) un biomédico? – link
  • Medical Hystory :: The Era of Biomedicine: Science, Medicine, and Public Health in Britain and France after the Second World War – link
Introducing the new website for RSG Spain

Connected WorldWe are very excited to announce the launch of our new wordpress based website! Aside from an updated and eye candy look, the new website features a powerful new way to release to the world new information and to place to the cloud our news, events and projects. We just start with the page “About”, where you could find some descriptions about the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB), the student council (SC) and the regional students groups (RSG). But more pages and sections will be added soon. Cheers, RSG Spain

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